سالمندان و فعالیت‌های فیزیکی: یک روش کیفی

نوع مقاله : علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی‌ارشد پژوهش اجتماعی دانشگاه تبریز ، ایران (نویسنده مسئول)

2 استاد ، گروه علوم اجتماعی ، دانشگاه تبریز ، ایران

3 دانشیار ،دانشکده علوم اجتماعی دانشگاه تبریز، ایران

چکیده

چکیده
هدف از این تحقیق شناسایی وضعیت سلامت جسمانی/ فیزیکی در بین سالمندان شهر تبریز می‌باشد. روش تحقیق مورد استفاده در این پژوهش کیفی بود. در این تحقیق، از ابزار مصاحبه نیمه ساخت یافته به منظور جمع‌آوری داده‌ها استفاده گردید. به منظور تجزیه و تحلیل داده ها، از روش پدیدارشناسی تفسیری استفاده شد. جامعه آماری تحقیق حاضر شامل سالمندان شهر تبریز می‌باشد. نمونه با روش نمونه گیری هدفمند انتخاب گردیدند. به عنوان حجم نمونه آماری تحقیق با 15 نفر از سالمندان در مناطق مختلف شهر تبریز مصاحبه به عمل آمد. در این تحقیق برای احراز قابلیت اعتبار یافته‌های تحقیق حاصل از مصاحبه‌ها از تکنیک تثلیث، و نیز تکنیک کسب اطلاعات دقیق موازی و ارائه‌ی تحلیل‌های داده ای و نتایج آن به متخصصان امر استفاده شد. نتایج تحقیق حاضر نشان می دهد که عوامل مهم و تاثیر گذار بر محدود سازی فعالیتهای فیزیکی سالمندان شامل مشکلات جسمی، مشکلات روانشناختی، مشکلات جنسی، رضایت مندی از شرایط زندگی و حمایت خانوادگی می باشند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Elderly and Physical Activity: A Qualitative Method

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad mostafa Abdi 1
  • Mohammad Abbaszadeh 2
  • kamal koohi 3
1 Master of Social Sciences Research, University of Tabriz (corresponding author)
2 Professor and faculty member of Sociological Sciences at University of Tabriz
3 Associate Professor, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Tabriz
چکیده [English]

Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to identify physical status among elders of Tabriz city. The methodology used in this research was qualitative. In order to collect data in the study, semi-structured interview was applied. The statistical population in this study was elders of Tabriz city. The statistical sample was selected through purposeful method of sampling. 15 people were interviewed in several areas of Tabriz. Data obtained from interview was analyzed using phenomenological method. In this study, in order to gain validity of research findings resulted from the interviews technique of triplicity and also parallel technique and presenting data and its results analysis method of data gathering were applied. The results of this research showed that losing physical strength and suffering from chronic diseases among elders are of the main problems that these elements could influence on their viewpoint about the life. Also, some factors like living situation and economic factors could influence on the elders' physical health.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • physical status
  • explanatory phenomenological method elders of Tabriz city
  • Semi-structured interview
  • technique of Triangulation
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