تعیین کننده‌های اجتماعیِ گرایش به فساد اداری و مالی در بین کارمندان دولتی شهر جهرم

نوع مقاله : علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری جامعه شناسی سیاسی، واحد جهرم، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، جهرم، ایران

2 استادیار گروه اجتماعی، واحد جهرم، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، جهرم، ایرا (نویسنده مسئول)

3 دانشیار گروه اجتماعی، واحد جهرم، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، جهرم، ایران

10.30495/jss.2021.1918697.1282

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر به بررسی تعیین کننده‌های اجتماعیِ گرایش به فساد اداری و مالی در بین کارمندان ادارات شهر جهرم پرداخته است. روش به کار رفته در این پژوهش، پیمایش است. جامعه آماری کلیه کارمندان دولتی شهر جهرم می باشند که 400 نفر به عنوان نمونه تعیین و با استفاده از روش نمونه گیری سیستماتیک انتخاب شده اند. ابزار تحقیق، پرسشنامه است که برای تعیین اعتبار آن از روش اعتبار صوری و برای تعیین پایایی، از شیوه هماهنگ درونی به روش آلفای کرونباخ استفاده شده است. نتایج توصیفی پژوهش، بیانگر آن هستند که میانگین گرایش به فساد در بین کارمندان ادارات شهر جهرم در سطح پایینی است. نتایج تحلیلی پژوهش نشان می دهد در بین سازه های تحقیق، وجدان کاری، دین داری و فرهنگ سازمانی مشارکتی و انعطاف پذیری بر گرایش به فساد اداری مالی تأثیر مثبت و معنادار داشته اند. در بین متغیرهای جمعیتی رابطه نوع شغل، طبقه اجتماعی و درآمد با گرایش به فساد اداری و مالی معنادار است. تبیین متغیر وابسته بر حسب مجموع متغیرهای مستقل، بیانگر آن است که پنج متغیر فرهنگ سازمانی، وجدان کاری، طبقه اجتماعی، درآمد و بعد یکپارچگی فرهنگ سازمانی به ترتیب قوی ترین پیش بینی کننده گرایش به فساد اداری مالی هستند و قادرند 203/0 از تغییرات گرایش به فساد اداری مالی را تبیین کنند. یافته های تحقیق با نتایج مشابه مقایسه گردیده، و در نهایت، پیشنهاداتی برای جلوگیری از گسترش فساد اداری و مالی ارائه شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Social determinants of tendency to administrative and financial corruption among government employees in JAHROM

نویسندگان [English]

  • SAMIRA RAHMANIAN 1
  • MAJIDREZA KARIMI 2
  • Keramatollah Rasekh 3
1 PhD Student in Political Sociology, JAHROM Branch, Islamic Azad University, JAHROM, Iran
2 *Assistant Professor of Social Department, JAHROM Branch, Islamic Azad University, JAHROM, Iran
3 Associate Professor, Department of Social Sciences, JAHROM Branch, Islamic Azad University, JAHROM
چکیده [English]

Purpose of this study was to investigate social determinants of tendency to administrative and financial corruption among government employees in JAHROM. Method used in this study is survey. Statistical population is all government employees in JAHROM city and four hundred persons have selected as a sample using systematic sampling method. Study tool is questionnaire and its face validity method used to determining its validity and Cronbach's alpha method used to determining its reliability. Descriptive results of this study indicate that average tendency to corruption among employees of JAHROM is low. Analytical results of study revealed that among components of study, work conscience, religiosity, participatory organizational culture and flexibility have a positive and significant effect on tendency to financial corruption. Among demographic variables, relationship between job type, social class and income with tendency to corruption is significant. Specifying dependent variable according to sum of independent variables indicated that five variables include organizational culture, work conscience; social class, income and organizational culture integration are strongest predictors of corruption tendency respectively and they are capable to specifying 0/203 changes of tendency to financial corruption. Research findings are compare with similar results. Finally, suggestions has made to prevent spread of corruption.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Financial Corruption
  • Work Conscience
  • Organizational Justice
  • Organizational Culture
  • religiosity
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