تأملی بر رویکرد عدالت جنسیتی در فضاهای شهری (مطالعه موردی: شهر تبریز)

نوع مقاله : علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری گروه جغرافیا و برنامه ریزی شهری، واحد تبریز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تبریز، ایران

2 استادیار گروه جغرافیا و برنامه ریزی شهری، واحد تبریز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تبریز، ایران (نویسنده مسئول)

3 استادیار گروه جغرافیا و برنامه ریزی شهری، واحد تبریز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تبریز، ایران

10.30495/jss.2021.1924188.1307

چکیده

چکیده
حضور زنان و تبیین نقش آنان در شکل دهی فضاهای شهری امروزی، مسئله ای مهم و حیاتی می باشد. از طرفی موضوع جنسیت و عدالت جنسیتی در فضاهای شهری، موضوعی است که اغلب به حاشیه رانده شده است. عدالت جنسیتی به معنای رعایت تناسب زنان و مردان در دسترسی به همة امکانات فرهنگی، اجتماعی و اقتصادی است به گونه‌ای که در حق هیچ کدام ستم یا اجحافی نشود. روش تحقیق حاضر، توصیفی تحلیلی با اهداف کاربردی است. حدود 267 پرسشنامه بر اساس مدل کوکران بین زنان توزیع و داده ها بر اساس عاملی اکتشافی و آزمون t تحلیل گردید. میزان آلفای کرونباخ برای پایایی پرسشنامه، 89.1 را نشان می دهد که پایایی در حد مطلوب را نشان می دهد. بر اساس تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی سوالات در 4 عامل (کالبدی، دسترسی، امنیت و فرهنگی اجتماعی) که در مجموع 68.35 درصد از واریانس متغیرها را تبیین می کند دسته بندی شده است. نتایج تحقیق نشان می دهد که عوامل کالبدی، دسترسی و فرهنگی- اجتماعی به ترتیب با سطح معناداری 0.043، 0.016 و 0.033 انطباق مطلوبی با نیاز زنان ندارند و فقط عامل امنیت با سطع معناداری 0.220 وضعیت مطلوبی از نظر پاسخگویان را نشان می دهد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

An Analysis of the Status of Gender Justice in Urban Spaces (Case Study: Tabriz City)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ahad Beheshti asl 1
  • Reza Valizadeh 2
  • Hasan Ahmadzadeh 3
1 PhD student, Department of Geography and Urban Planning, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Geography and Urban Planning, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Geography and Urban Planning, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran
چکیده [English]

The presence of women and their role in shaping today's urban spaces is an important issue.
On the other hand, the issue of gender and gender equality in urban spaces is an issue that is often marginalized
Gender equality means respect for the equality of men and women with access to all cultural,
social, and economic opportunities in a way that does not prejudice or overwhelm anyone.
The method of this research is descriptive-analytical with practical purposes.
About 267 questionnaires were distributed among women based on Cochran model and data
were analyzed by exploratory factor and t-test. Cronbach's alpha for the reliability of the
questionnaire was 89.1, indicating the desired reliability.
Based on exploratory factor analysis, the questions were categorized into four factors (physical, access, social security and
cultural) that account for 68.35% of the total variance. The results show that physical, access and socio-cultural factors with significant levels of 0.043, 0.016 and 0.033, respectively, are not in good agreement with women's needs and only security factor with significant level of 0.220 shows favorable status for respondents.


کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Keywords: Tabriz
  • justice
  • Gender justice approach
  • Urban Spaces
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