مطالعه نقش کیفیت حکمرانی خوب در رفاه عمومی (‌مورد مطالعه: کشورهای عضو سازمان همکاری اسلامی و سازمان همکاری اقتصادی و توسعه)

نوع مقاله : علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری جامعه‌شناسی ، واحد خلخال، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی ، خلخال، ایران

2 استادیار گروه علوم اجتماعی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی خلخال، خلخال، ایران (نویسنده مسئول)Samadabedini@aukh.ac.ir

3 استادیار گروه علوم اجتماعی ، واحد خلخال ، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی ، خلخال، ایران

10.30495/jss.2021.1912680.1244

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر مطالعه تاثیر حکمرانی خوب بر رفاه ملی است. روش تحقیق، تحلیل ثانویه است و از داده‌های حکمرانی خوب بانک جهانی و رفاه ملی موسسه لگاتیوم استفاده شده است. جامعه آماری پژوهش کشورهای عضو سازمان همکاری اسلامی و عضو سازمان همکاری اقتصادی و توسعه است. برای تجزیه و تحلیل اطلاعات از نرم‌افزار SPSS و آزمون‌ پیرسون و رگرسیون استفاده شده است. یافته‌های پژوهش بیانگر آن است که در کشورهای عضو همکاری اسلامی و عضو همکاری اقتصادی و توسعه بین حکمرانی خوب و رفاه ملی همبستگی معنادار مستقیمی وجود دارد؛ به‌طوری‌که شدت همبستگی در کشورهای عضو سازمان همکاری اقتصادی و توسعه بیشتر از کشورهای عضو سازمان همکاری اسلامی است. پس از کنترل هم‌خطی بین ابعاد حکمرانی خوب، در بین کشورهای عضو سازمان همکاری اقتصادی و توسعه از بین ابعاد شش‌گانه متغیر حکمرانی خوب، ابعاد کنترل فساد و کیفیت قوانین و مقرارت تاثیر معنادار مستقیمی بر رفاه ملی دارد؛ به‌طوری که این دو متغیر توانسته‌اند 90 درصد از تغییرات رفاه ملی را تبیین کنند. در بین کشورهای عضو سازمان همکاری اسلامی، فقط بعد کارآمدی و اثربخشی دولت توانسته است تاثیر معنادار مستقیمی بر رفاه ملی داشته باشد. همچنین کارآمدی و اثربخشی دولت با توجه به ضریب تبیین به‌دست آمده توانسته است 74 درصد از تغییرات رفاه ملی را تبیین کند. پس از تجمیع همه مولفه‌های حکمرانی در قالب یک متغیر واحد به نام حکمرانی خوب، این متغیر توانسته است در کشورهای عضو همکاری اقتصادی و توسعه (94/0) و در بین کشورهای عضو همکاری اسلامی (80/0) تاثیر مستقیم معناداری داشته باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The study of the role of quality of good governance in public welfare (Case study: OIC and OECD member countries)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Seyed Isa Karimpour 1
  • Samad Abedini 2
  • Eghbaleh Azizkhani 3
1 PhD Student in Sociology, Islamic Azad University, Khalkhal Branch, Khalkhal, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Social Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Khalkhal Branch, Khalkhal, Iran (corresponding Author): Samadabedini@aukh.ac.ir
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Social Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Khalkhal Branch, Khalkhal, Iran
چکیده [English]

One of the influential factors that differentiate between countries is welfare index. The promotion of public or national welfare is affected by various factors. In new development approaches, a model of good governance has been proposed to improve the national welfare. Therefore, the aim of this study is to study the impact of good governance on national welfare. The research method is secondary analysis and the available data of the good governance of the World Bank and the Legatum prosperity index have been used. The statistical population of the study includes the member countries of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (41 countries) and members of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (29 countries). SPSS software and Pearson correlation and regression tests were used to analyze the data. Findings indicate that among the countries of Islamic cooperation and economic cooperation and development, there is a significant direct correlation between good governance and national welfare; Thus, the intensity of solidarity in the member countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development is higher than that of the member countries of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation. Also, after controlling the alignment between the six dimensions of good governance, among the member countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, it was proved that the dimensions of corruption control and the quality of laws and regulations have a significant direct impact on national welfare so that these two variables have been able to explain 90% of the changes in national welfare. But among the member countries of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation, only the dimension of efficiency and effectiveness of the government has had a significant direct impact on national welfare. Also, it was found that the efficiency and effectiveness of the government could explain 74% of the changes in national welfare. In addition, after collecting all the components of governance into a single variable called "good governance", it was proved that this variable was able to have a direct and significant impact 0.94 in the member countries of economic cooperation and development and 0.80 among the member states of Islamic cooperation

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Good governance
  • Public Welfare
  • Organization of Islamic Cooperation
  • Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development
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